North West region has the potential for 1,000 UK-built hydrogen buses
The man behind plans for thousands of UK-built hydrogen buses across the country says Liverpool and Manchester could accommodate up to 1,000 of them as part of the move he hopes can lead the nations’ economic recovery.
JCB heir Jo Bamford claims his plans are “an ideal option for a Government that needs to boost UK manufacturing at this critical time whilst radically reducing our carbon emissions and air pollution”, and has already submitted his vision in a document to ministers.
As well as Liverpool and Manchester, plans are being drawn up to introduce a fleet of 3,000 state-of-the-art buses – in which passengers benefit from USB charging points and more spacious seating – in places such as Aberdeen, London, Brighton, Birmingham, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Belfast, with interest from relevant authorities.
Mr Bamford, who believes Liverpool could support 700 of his buses, and Manchester 300, leads a green hydrogen production company, Ryse, and last year acquired Wrightbus, a UK manufacturer which has made the world’s first hydrogen double decker bus.
He says that zero carbon, UK-made hydrogen technologies must play a pivotal role in driving the British economy forward.
He believes that an urgent introduction of hydrogen buses will lead to a knock-on transformation of other heavy duty vehicles, such as lorries, trains, ships and even ambulances and police cars.
This would have the potential to create and sustain hundreds of thousands of skilled, green collar jobs across the country, he says.
Greenhouse gases released from transportation account for a third of the UK’s total carbon emissions.
In Mr Bamford’s vision, 3,000 hydrogen buses – about 10% of the UK’s total fleet – could be silently moving around UK towns and cities, including Liverpool and Manchester, by 2024.
These vehicles will release only water vapour and save an estimated 280,000 tons of carbon dioxide each year, the equivalent of taking roughly 107,000 cars off the road a year.
Research King’s College London and UK100, a network of local authorities, suggested up to 1,040 deaths per year in Liverpool were linked to air pollution.
The Centre for Cities urban policy research unit suggested that one in every 23 deaths among adults in Manchester is linked to high levels of the deadly toxin PM2.5, associated with high levels of air pollution.
Mr Bamford said: “The hydrogen used to power these vehicles will be completely green.”
His company Ryse is in the process of building the UK’s first hydrogen production plant on the Kent coast. This will be powered by a nearby offshore wind farm and use electrolysis to produce hydrogen from water.
Mr Bamford plans to build another four hydrogen production plants by 2025 to provide enough power for all 3,000 buses.
He said: “Cities around the world are seeing massive reductions in air pollution as many vehicles have been kept off the road during the pandemic.
“However, the reality is that if we just go back to how public transport has traditionally been run, levels of pollution will quickly rise again to the same levels as before the crisis.
“We have an opportunity with hydrogen powered transport to make a huge difference to air quality, and for UK jobs as well. With increased orders on this scale I could increase the workforce at Wrightbus by nearly 700%.
“UK-made hydrogen buses are ready to hit the streets today. We already have hydrogen buses in London, and 20 of Wrightbus’ world-leading double deckers will be added to this later this year.
“We also have orders from Aberdeen, with many other areas becoming interested in our technology – in the UK and across the world.”
The Government has recently committed a £5bn plan to boost local bus services and a significant amount of this is likely to be spent on replacing old diesel vehicles for modern, zero emission models.
Mr Bamford has set a clear challenge to the Government: “The UK missed the opportunity to become global leaders in battery technology, we must not repeat this mistake with hydrogen.
“We are already leading the world by making hydrogen buses and boilers. We have a real opportunity to back a sector that will create jobs, economic growth and allow us to claim position as global leaders in hydrogen transport technology.
“With countries across the world also looking to drastically cut their carbon emissions, let’s build an industry that can sell zero carbon products, skills and innovation across the world. We can make significant progress on this in the next five years, but it must start with buses and it must start now.”
Mr Bamford has asked the Government to set aside £500m – 10% of the National Bus Strategy fund – to unlock the UK’s hydrogen industry.
Roughly about £200m of this is needed to build the hydrogen production facilities and bespoke zero emission transportation vehicles to take it to bus depots in city centres.
Another £300m is being called for to support a strategic financial incentive to enable operators to purchase them for the same price as a current diesel model.
Mr Bamford said: “The Government gives the public a subsidy to buy an electric car, why shouldn’t a bus operator – who provides a vital service for the local community – be supported to buy a clean, green, UK-built hydrogen bus?”